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Metal Casting Market

Automotive & Transportation
Automotive Components/Materials

The Metal Casting Market is projected to reach USD 39.94 Billion by 2025 from USD 20.23 Billion in 2017, at a CAGR of 8.87% during the forecast period. Structural & design changes, increasing trend of light-weighting in passenger cars (such as increase in use of alloy wheels, lightweight engine blocks, & seat frames etc.) as a result of stringent emission norms, and benefits offered by casting process such as higher precision, accuracy, shorter cycle time, and excellent surface finish are expected to drive the market for metal casting during the forecast period.

Aluminum is estimated to hold the largest share of this Metal Casting Market from 2017 to 2025. Engine downsizing is a key trend that is changing the market dynamics of the automotive industry. The engine is becoming bigger and complex with additional turbo capabilities to generate more power. As per a study published by European Aluminium Association, the average aluminum content in a passenger car was around 150 kg in 2015. While the engine and transmission parts together contributed 36%, wheels owned 20%. The same study suggests that the aluminum content is expected to reach 180 kg by 2020. The demand for aluminum cast components for powertrain and body assemblies is thus projected to rise in the coming years.

The engine parts application is estimated to lead metal casting market during the forecast period. Cylinder heads, engine block, engine mounts, exhaust manifold, intake manifold, oil pan, and turbochargers are some of the key components considered under this application. With the rising trend of vehicle light-weighting, the casted iron engine block is replaced by aluminum engine block for further weight reduction. BMW, PSA Group, and General Motors among others are offering their vehicle models with aluminum engine blocks. Further, as per the US Department of Energy (US DOE), by using lightweight components, a quarter of US fleet, which is around 240 million (cars and trucks), can save approximately 5 billion gallons of fuel per year by 2030. Furthermore, as per MarketsandMarkets analysis, V6 and V8 engines are preferred in US & Canada owing to higher demand for SUVs. The European and Asia Oceania markets have a higher demand for I4 and I3 & I4 engines, respectively. Thus, as the engines are getting bigger and complex with turbocharging capabilities, the demand for aluminum casted engine parts is expected to rise in the future.

Asia Oceania is projected to be the largest and fastest growing metal casting market, in terms of volume and value during the review period. The Asia Oceania region is anticipated to be the most promising Metal Casting Market in the next eight years owing to the increased production of passenger cars as well as electric vehicles. China is the largest automotive hub in the region owing to the presence of many local as well as international OEMs such as Brilliance Auto, JAC Motors, SAIC Motor, Volkswagen, and General Motors. Further, according to OICA, the passenger car production of Japan and India together had grown from 10.1 million units in 2011 to 11.5 million units in 2016, at a CAGR of 15.84%. Also, according to International Energy Agency (IEA), the sales of BEV and PHEV in China climbed by 75% and 30%, respectively from 2015 to 2016. Similarly, BEV sales in Japan jumped by 48% in 2016 from 2015. In addition to high vehicle production and sales, other factors such as increasing GDP, rising per capita income, and low production costs have created growth opportunities in this region. All the factors mentioned above will prompt the tier-1 suppliers to develop lighter metal casted components to enhance the overall vehicle performance.

Metal Casting Market

The high cost of casted materials such as aluminum and magnesium is one of the key restraints for metal casting component manufacturers. Also, the high initial capital requirement for setup becomes a challenge for new entrants. These factors may affect the growth of metal casting market in the near future.

Some of the key metal casting component manufacturers and suppliers include Nemak (Mexico), Ryobi Limited (Japan), Rheinmetall Automotive (Germany), GF Automotive (Switzerland), Ahresty Corporation (Japan), Dynacast (US), Endurance (India), Mino Industrial (Japan), Aisin Automotive Casting (US) (a subsidiary of Aisin Seiki (Japan)), and Gibbs Die Casting (US). Nemak adopted a stable mix of expansion and acquisition strategies to retain its market position, while Ryobi Limited followed the expansion strategy to remain a prominent player in the metal casting market.

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